Showing posts with label Legend. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Legend. Show all posts

Thursday, December 8, 2011

Legend [9] : Panembahan Senopati commander on the battlefield

Great people, people who recorded history. Greatness has always had two sides, a very bright side to the followers and admirers, and the dark side for his enemies and rivals. He was the leader will be born from a leader. A great leader is born as a process towards the ladder of leadership.History known as Panembahan Senopati Ing Ngalaga (Sutawijaya real name), this article does not peel about genealogy and its origin because it has many articles and books peel. Son Ki Ageng Pemanahan ground java is its life history was remarkable. He was also appointed as the adoptive son of the Sultan of Hadi Wijaya (King Pajang) because it has not had a son. As a leader, as a military expert, as a politician as well as statesman, who did not hesitate to be underlined in the forefront of the battle.Beginning his career as a leader and commander of the war began when the kingdom Pajang (1549) demanded the death of Sunan Prawoto as a ruler of Demak who was killed by Ario Penangsang (cousin of the ruling in Jipang). Shelf, led by Joko Tingkir (later the title of Sultan Hadi Wijaya) received a request for assistance submitted by the Queen Kalinyamat (Sunan Prawoto daughter) to kill Ario Penangsang and if successful will be rewarded with land area of ??the former Sultan Trenggono (Sultanate of Demak successor). In battle fierce enough, because Ario Penangsang known as a tough fighter and in charge of many sciences, is set to defeat it by one or another strategy Ki Ageng Pemanahan, namely by removing the mare because Ario Penangsang diarea battles using using stallions. In the battle crazed stallion chasing a mare, a figure that's where teenagers (Sutawijaya) holding a spear block the rate of horse and rider.And it is hit by a spear, sticking the belly of Ario Pengasang, revoked and spilled the contents of his stomach, with a gallant Penangsang Ario put the entrails back, near the handle of dagger, and fell from a horse, with emotion and anger at seeing his teenage son in front of him wielding keris and die.As a reward for that battle, the land in the southern part of land called the base Java Mentaok given to Ki Ageng Pemanahan, who were later processed and built by Sutawijaya. The land was later given the name of Mataram, with one of the reasons that the ancients around the area there is a large work called Mataram (Hindu). Mataram into areas that develop new and advanced rapidly, the breath of this new area of ??Islam is growing by giving to the people who have a tolerance of other faiths (Hindu). Based in Kotagede area, which will become the first capital of Islamic Mataram jobs, this development came up Pajang. As written in the history of the Land of Java, the establishment of a new state that would be great would eliminate the greatness of the State before. Then you can locate information on the Internet for Islamic Mataram kingdom.

Reference : Babad Tanah Jawi, Mulai dari Nabi Adam Sampai Tahun 1647. (terj.). 2007. Yogyakarta: Narasi

Tuesday, September 6, 2011

Legend [8] : Ki Hajar Dewantoro The Great Theacher

Ing Ngarsa Sung Tuladha, Ing Madya Mangun Karsa, Tut Wuri Handayani

His name is actually Raden Mas Soewardi Soerjaningrat ( Ki Hajar Dewantara, some written with the Javanese language ‘Ki Hajar Dewantoro’  born in Yogyakarta, May 2, 1889 -died in Yogyakarta, 26 April 1959 at the age of 69 years, here in after abbreviated as "Soewardi" or "KHD" ) which is one of the descendants of Nyi Ageng Serang is Indonesia's independence movement activist, columnist, politician, and pioneer of education for the natives of Indonesia from the Dutch colonial era. He is the founder of Taman Siswa University, an institution that provides opportunities for the indigenous masses to get the right to education as well as the gentry or the Dutch people.
Ki Hajar Dewantara, educators native Indonesia, see more on the lives of human psychology. He said human beings have faculties ofcreativity, initiative and work. Development demands a whole person development of all resources equally. Development that is too focused on one power alone will result in incomplete development as human beings. He said that the education that emphasizes the intellectual aspect of sheer will only alienate students from the community. And it turns out education until now only emphasizes the development of creativity, and less attention to the development of taste and intention though. If continued would make man less humane or inhumane.
KHD column of the most famous is "If I'm A Dutch" (original title: "Alsik eens Nederlander was"), published in the newspaper De Expres-led DD, 1913 : “If I were a Dutchman, I will not hold parties in the country's independence that we have seized their own freedom. Parallel to such logic, is not only unfair, but also does not deserve to be told the inlanders give donations to fund the celebration. Idea to hold a celebration in itself is insulting them, and now we rake in his pocket any way. Let's go ahead and spiritual insult it! If I were a Dutchman, the thing that particularly offended me and fellow countrymen is the fact that sugar daddy in lander required to join an activity that not the sligh test interest for him

Wednesday, July 6, 2011

Legend[7] : Pangeran Diponegoro Warlord of Java War

Prince Diponegoro, was born in the Sultanate Ngayogyokarto, is the most phenomenal figure in the history of the struggle against Dutch colonial power (the Company), the majority ethnic Javanese who lives in Central Java, Jogjakarta, and part of East Java (Mataraman) knew him as LEGEND, even poets famous, Khairil Anwar, made his name with the title poem. So writing in the article even this can not represent the greatness of his name and all the folklore in the land of Java, about the Prince. Here's the story ... ... 

After the great battle between the Dutch and the Sultanate of Mataram led by Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo, resistance to Dutch colonialism sporadic and small in Java, until the birth of the son of Sultan Hamengkubowno II's ruling Ngayogyokarto Sultanate  (Descendants of Sultan Agung of Mataram in the job) that Ontowiryo have the first name. Political battles in the palace since the days of Mataram are rooted in the off spring with Ki Ki Ageng Pemanahan and Ki  Ageng Giring that is not over, making the position of Prince Diponegoro who was nominated to be the Sultan of the Sultanate Ngayogyokarto next to fail. But he has a very high commander soul willing to give that opportunity to his brother, as a result he became sultan young companion to lead the Sultanate. 
Pengeran Diponedoro lunge in assisting the brother turns out to grip the Dutch colonists who were eager to exert influence in the Sultanate through Patih Danurejo. Political intrigue which planned to eliminate the influence of the prince to the Sultan began to take place. There is some folklore that says that the prince had slapped a Dutch soldier to death while in the court of sexually abusing daughter of the Sultanate and the servant girls. The peak of the Dutch political intrigue is to do scenario development that cut the railway station building philosophy Monument (now cross road Jl. Mangkubumi) - Royal Palace as the letter ‘Alif’. The prince's anger peaked, a symbol or a philosopher who built his ancestors (Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I) are undermined by the Dutch. There in lies the beginning of the battle which is phenomenal in Java, not the problems of land the prince used for railroad, as actually representing his brother the Prince has given an alternative construction of the railway station, which is below ground or in the north of Monument. But the name of political intrigue to get rid of the prince of the Sultanate, the Netherlands through danuwiryo more incentive to push, until the duke's death occurred by way of being slapped by the prince, once a slap, there fell danuwiryo. Death danuwiryo who pander reasons the Dutch made the Netherlands to attack Ngayogyokarto Sultanate. Once again the soul statesmanship and heroism he appears here, he left the Sultanate to the Dutch were actually targeting the prince would not attack the Sultanate. 

Prince's decision to leave the palace without the troops and would take the fight against the Dutch colonizers, told in folklore that a war which he lived was the Lord's command, but the circumstances were very miserable people, makes people decide to stand behind the prince. Gaza death battle with guerrilla tactics, which was not there, fighting the forces of the Dutch infantry forces occur along the southern coast of Java to play to the middle and back to the Sultanate from the direction of Magelang, making the Dutch troops overwhelmed, even the historical record, that was Royal Netherlands government in continental Europe experienced economic collapse, because the funds are used to crush the struggle of the prince with guerrilla tactics, as opposed to the tactics of guerrilla tactics stelsel fort, which requires the budget and the logistics are very large and lasts throughout the year 1800-1900. Until in the end the Dutch do his dirty tactics to trap the prince in Magelang. Here the history needs to be tested, whether captured in a way cheated to negotiate it is the Prince? Would not it during the war, the Dutch have never met or knew the prince's face, because who met and fought against him would die. History must be studied more, he is the Commander in Chief in the Java War, he was a strategist in the war, is a nanny and Princes is guide sultan, he was a very intelligent, he was able to make the Dutch royal bankruptcy, can not be stuck with the tactics of the Netherlands. History should be reviewed ... ... ... ... 

Sunday, June 5, 2011

Legend [6] : Prince Purbaya, flying the Javaness man

His real name is Joko Umbaran. He is the son of Panembahan Senopati born of a wife who is the daughter of Ki Ageng Giring. Ki Ageng Giring is a prominent Islamic religious spreader on the island of Java in 12 -14 centuries, and some people admit he was a ‘wali’. Ki Ageng Giring found a magic coconut that if water is taken until the end in one gulp, will cause the drinker to reduce the kings of Java. Young coconut water is accidentally swallowed it own by Ki Ageng Pamanahan a visit to the Ki Ageng Giring in a state of thirst. Ki Ageng Pamanahan feel guilty after learning that magical properties of coconut water. He then married his son, the daughter Sutawijaya ( Panembahan Senapati ) with Ki Ageng Giring. Ki Ageng Giring daughter gave birth to Joko Umbaran ( diumbar in Javanese means "abandoned" ). After the adult Joko Umbaran go to Mataram to get recognition from his father. It was already titled Panembahan Senopati. Through an uphill battle, Joko Umbaran finally secured recognition as the son of Mataram with the title of Prince Purbaya.
Prince Purbaya and his mother who is the daughter of Ki Ageng Giring to get land from the kingdom of Mataram in Maguwo area, which later became known wot Galeh. Wot Galeh name it self is taken from the wooden cross above the ‘Kali Kuning’ is tipped at Mount Merapi, reputedly the wood was brought from Mount Merapi by Prince Purbaya a way to fly. And the stories about him to fly can be found in the book ‘Babad Tanah Jawi’, at the Mataram kingdom attack to Batavia. When he became a warlord Mataram kingdom which was led by the nephew of the Sultan Agung attacked the VOC in Batavia, how he entered the fortress of VOC in a way to fly.

Devotion to the kingdom of Mataram are enormous, as the son of the founder of Mataram job he has no desire to rule, although with the strength and ability I think he is worthy to be king, but the historical record actually the father of the Sultan Agung who becomes a substitute Panembahan Senapati.
After he died he was buried in wot Galeh, precisely the south of Adisutjipto airport ini Yogyakarta, close to the Indonesian republic's air force academy, so some people say his ability in the world of aviation forwarded by the young Indonesian who study. This is only a piece of the story as I know, based on a story about the hereditary Prince Purbaya Yogyakarta society, more or less I apologize if there is a mistake in writing

Tuesday, May 10, 2011

Legend [5] : Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I, King of Architect

Sri Hamengkubuwana I (August 6, 1717 - March 24, 1792) was born with the name Raden Mas Sujana who is the younger brother of Mataram II Susuhunan Surakarta. Sultan Hamengkubuwana I in history known as the Prince Mangkubumi in time before Ngayogyakarta royal throne, he was the son of Sunan King and younger brother Susuhunan Pakubuwana II. Because logger heads with Pakubuwana II, succession problems, he began to oppose Pakubuwana II (1747) which has the support Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie or better known as the Dutch VOC (war Scramble Crown III in Mataram).

In the battle against his brother, Prince Mangkubumi with the help of his commander Raden Mas Said, proved to be a brilliant war tactician, as it turns out the battles in Grobogan, Demak and on top of his victory in the battle on the banks of the River Bagawanta.There, the Dutch commander with his troops destroyed De Clerck (1751). Another important event which led to Prince Mangkubumi not like to compromise with the Dutch Company. In 1749 Susuhunan Pakubuwana II before the death of the Mataram kingdom handed to the Dutch Company; Crown Prince has been named by the Dutch VOC Susuhunan Pakubuwana III. Raden Mas Said later quarrel with Prince Mangkubumi and finally given the power of land and earned a prince Mangkunegara.

Prince Mangkubumi not recognize the transfer of Mataram to the Dutch VOC. After the Dutch several times failed to invite Prince Mangkubumi negotiate to stop the war sent an Arab from Batavia who claims cleric who comes from the Holy Land. Thanks to the persuader was finally held in Giyanti agreement (the eastern city of Surakarta) between Prince Mangkubumi and the Dutch VOC and Susuhunan Pakubuwana III (1755). According to the agreement Giyanti Mataram kingdom was split into two, is the kingdom of Surakarta is still led by Susuhunan Pakubuwana III and the kingdom of Yogyakarta under the Prince Sultan Hamengkubuwana Mangkubumi recognized as a title I Senopati Ing Ngalaga Sayidin Panatagama khalifatullah with karatonnya in Yogyakarta. By the will of the Sultan of Yogyakarta city Hamengkubuwana I (Jogja by saying now) made the capital of the kingdom. Except for establishing a new palace, Hamengkubuwana I that bloody art building where bercengrama Taman Sari, which is located on the west palace. The story of the division of Mataram Kingdom II and the war between the prince-prince seized power Yasadipura composed by a literary work called Giyanti.

Sultan Hamengkubuwana I was known by his subjects as a commander, statesman and leader of the people are capable. He died in 1792 AD in the high age and was buried in Imogiri Kasuwargan Astana. Replace it with the title of Crown Prince Sultan Hamengkubuwono II.

The place chosen as the capital and seat of government it is called a Beringin Forest, where there is a small village called Pachetokan, is there is a rest house named Garjitowati, made by Susuhunan Pakubowono II first and the name was later changed to Ayodhya. After setting the above announced, lane immediately ordered to the people of the into forest had to set up the Palace. Before the palace was finished, I pleased Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I guest house occupies Ambarketawang Gamping area, which was done well. Occupy the official rest house on October 9, 1755. From here heal ways supervise and regulate the construction of the palace isunder construction. A year later Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I is pleased to enter the New Palace as their Kingdom. Thus stood the city of Yogyakarta or with his full name is Negari Ngayogyakarta. Ambarketawang Guesthouse abandoned the Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I to move settled in the new Palace . The inauguration which occurred On October 7, 1756

Sunday, April 24, 2011

Legend [4] : Nyi Ageng Serang, Women In Java War

Nyi Ageng Serang has the original name Raden Ajeng Kustiyah Retna Edi. She is the youngest daughter of the regent of Serang, Panembahan Natapraja. 'Serang' is meant here is an area in the district of Kulon Progo, Yogyakarta is now, not the town of Serang in Banten Province.

Although a nobleman's son, but since little is known Nyi Ageng Serang close to the people. As an adult he was also featured asone of the warlords against the invaders. Her spirits to rise than todefend the people, also triggered the death of his brother Prince Mangkubumi when defending against Paku Buwana I assisted the Dutch.

After the Treaty Giyanti (What divides the two kingdoms of Mataram Islam became the Kasultanan Yogyakarta and Kasunanan Surakarta ), Nyi Ageng Serang moved to Yogyakarta with Prince Mangkubumi. But the struggle against occupying forces kept him continue. At that Nyi Ageng Serang led troops called Force Beast with a quick attack skills to make the enemy forces oftent opsy-turvy. These troops also become one of the very forces to be reckoned the Netherlands at that time. The advantages of this Demon Forces is the ability to camouflage them selves(camouflage) in accordance with the surrounding natural conditions, so that Dutch troops often fooled or trapped.

When the Diponegoro War broke out in 1825, Nyi Ageng Serang also be one commander of the army. His army was assisted by the greater because the lower classes, especially farmers who many joined his army. Nyi Ageng Serang also known as a tactician and negotiations. Nyi Ageng Serang died because of advanced age and was buried in Hamlet Frozen, Banjarharjo, Kalibawang, Kulonprogo. This tomb is situated on the hill about 6 km of road Muntilan-Dekso. Distance from Yogyakarta ± 32 km, from Wates City ± 30 km. In addition, Nyi Ageng Serang has a grandson who is also a national hero of Ki Hajar Dewantara.

Nyi Ageng Serang (1752-1828) along with his father (Panembahan Serang) and brother (Kyai Ageng Serang) including rebels who tore Gianti Agreement (13-02-1755) and continued armed resistance against the Dutch. Dutch troops ambushed in Semarang. His father and brother died in battle.

When Java War began Nyi Ageng Serang lost her husband who died in battle. Nyi Ageng Serang then continue the struggle, and though advanced in years, when it was 73 years, gained the confidence to lead troops. His forces took Panji "Gula Kelapa" (the color red and white) in the Central Java region northeast.

Nyi Ageng Serang in the battle of Talas was initiated using leaves as camouflage tactics. Two years before the Diponegoro War ended Nyi Ageng Serang died because of falling ill, the possibility of an attack of malaria epidemics as the disease claimed the lives of many soldiers, as well as Dutch soldiers along the mountains Opas Menoreh.

The Government has confirmed Nyi Ageng Serang as a National hero based on Presidential Decree No. 084/TK/1974