Tuesday, February 1, 2011

Legend [3] : Affandi Koesoema Master Of Art

Koesoema Affandi was born in Cirebon, West Java, in 1907 - May 23, 1990 was a painter known as Maestro Indonesian Painting, probably Indonesia's most famous painters in the international world, thanks to a distinctive style ekspresionisnya.In the 1950s he held many solo exhibitions in India, UK, Europe and the United StatesA prolific painter, Affandi had painted more than two thousand paintings.
Son of R.Koesoema, an orderly measuring the sugar factory in Ciledug, Cirebon.In terms of education, it includes a formal education is quite high.For people who a generation with it, getting an education HIS, MULO, and later graduated from the AMS, including the education obtained only by a handful of country children.At the age of 26 years, in 1933, Affandi was married to Maryati, a girl born in Bogor.
Affandi and Maryati blessed with a daughter who will inherit his father's talent as a painter, the Kartika Affandi.Before starting to paint, Affandi had been a teacher and has also worked as a torn ticket and cinema billboard image maker in one of cinema in Bandung.This job is no longer cultivated because of Affandi's more interested in the field of painting.
Around the year 30's, Affandi join a group of Lima Bandung, which is a group of five painters Bandung.They are Hendra Gunawan, Barli, Sudarso, and Wahdi and Affandi who believed served as group leader.
In 1943, Affandi held his first solo exhibition in Building Djakarta sons who was ongoing occupation of Japanese troops in Indonesia.Four series - which consists of Ir.Soekarno, Drs.Mohammad Hatta, Ki Hajar Dewantara, and Kyai Haji Mas Mansour - leading the Cultural Section of the sons (Poesat People's Power) to take part.In the Cultural Section of these sons Affandi act as executor and S. workersSoedjojono in charge, who immediately entered into a relationship with Bung Karno.
When the Indonesian republic proclaimed in 1945, many painters took part.Train cars and walls inscribed with, among others, "Freedom or death!".The words were taken from the closing speeches of Sukarno, the Birth of Pancasila, June 1, 1945.When it is, Affandi got the assignment to make posters.The poster was the idea of Bung Karno, pictures of people in chains but the chains are broken.Which serve as a model is painter Dullah.So what words should be written on the poster?Incidentally appears poet Chairil Anwar.Chairil Soedjojono ask, then lightly Chairil say: "Dude, come on man!"And be done with historic posters.A group of painters reproduce day-night and sent to the regions.Where Chairil picked those words?It turns out that ordinary words pronounced prostitutes in Jakarta that offers merchandise at that time.
Before and after the proclamation of Indonesian independence on August 17, 1945 which echoed Bung Karno and Bung Hatta, Affandi active in making the posters evoke the spirit of the struggle for Indonesian people's struggle against Dutch colonialism who wish to re-colonize Indonesia.This activity is carried out together with painters and other artists joined in the Cultural Section of the sons, among others: S.Soedjojono, Dullah, Trubus, and Chairil Anwar.Furthermore, Affandi decided to move to Yogyakarta and establish association "Artists Communities" 1945.
This society eventually became "Indonesia Young Artists' after S.Soedjojono also moved to Yogyakarta.In 1947, Affandi founded the "People's Painter" with Hendra Gunawan and Kusnadi, to provide learning opportunities to the younger generation is hungry for education and practice of painting.Then in 1948, Affandi moved back to Jakarta and co-founded association "Indonesian Painters Association."Not long after that, namely in 1949, Affandi get a Grant from the government of India and stayed for 2 years in India.There, Affandi painted activity and also held exhibitions in major cities in India until 1951.Furthermore, Affandi traveling exhibition held in European countries, including London, Amsterdam, Brussels, Paris and Rome.Affandi was also appointed by the Indonesian government to represent Indonesia in international exhibitions (the Biennale Exhibition) three times in succession, namely in Brazil (1952), in Venice (Italy - 1954), and in Sao Paulo (1956).In Venice, Italy, Affandi managed to win prizes.

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